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By Masood
#1409
Justpumps+ wrote:
April 30th, 2017, 8:06 pm
DEFENDER wrote:
April 30th, 2017, 4:39 pm
the slope should not be too steep, this is to ensure all solids slide along the pipe smoothly :)
Thanks for that and from that I guess there is a minimum and maximum angle to take into account when thinking of the run of the pipe then?
There is - for soil, there is a fixed fall of 18mm/m with a maximum length of 6m per branch.
32mm basin wastes need a fall of 18-20mm/m with a maximum length of 1.7m, 40mm bath and shower wastes need 19-90mm/m with a maximum of 3m.

This is for a primary ventilated stack. May be different on other systems but I can't remember them off the top of my head!
By Masood
#1410
Justpumps+ wrote:
April 30th, 2017, 8:06 pm
DEFENDER wrote:
April 30th, 2017, 4:39 pm
the slope should not be too steep, this is to ensure all solids slide along the pipe smoothly :)
Thanks for that and from that I guess there is a minimum and maximum angle to take into account when thinking of the run of the pipe then?
There is - for soil, there is a fixed fall of 18mm/m with a maximum length of 6m per branch.
32mm basin wastes need a fall of 18-20mm/m with a maximum length of 1.7m, 40mm bath and shower wastes need 19-90mm/m with a maximum of 3m.

This is for a primary ventilated stack. May be different on other systems but I can't remember them off the top of my head!
By Masood
#1411
PS - if you want more details I'll happily dig them out. As Defender pointed out above, the fall must not be too steep, otherwise the liquid waste will runaway, leaving the solids sitting on the bottom of the pipe. It's called a self-cleaning gradient...

Another possible problem is self-siphonage - if the gradient is too steep, the slug of water released when a plug is pulled can gather enough velocity to pull the water out of traps by creating a vacuum behind it.
#1434
I've always gone with 1 in 40 for soil and what ever looks right for waste pipes
1" in 40" was what I was taught in college
By Masood
#1552
jonnyswamp wrote:
May 1st, 2017, 9:53 am
I've always gone with 1 in 40 for soil and what ever looks right for waste pipes
1" in 40" was what I was taught in college
It's an interesting one Jonny. The City & Guilds / NVQ books all state 18mm/m which I'd around 1:55, but Building Regs Doc H states 1:40 so I guess a fall in that range is going to be OK.
#1577
It stuck in my mind (one of the few things that did) but in reality, I've seen all sorts of gradients working fine
#1580
i thought it was 18mm per meter !! ;)

then came the sun and sagged the pipes and buggered all calculations up :lol:
User avatar
By REDSAW
#4268
not sure on the pipe but, i know why the slope was on the bridge! ;)
(no insult intended and i still dont really get it :? )
User avatar
By Davey
#4278
Ha ha. Reminds me of the boiler training workshop at Inverness college where you get your OFTEC quals.
The main toilet is directly above the workshop and all the soil pipes drop down vertically through the workshop.
Think it was originally meant to be a store room or something.

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